Can gender be a determinant of organizational performance and knowledge sharing in public sector organizations?

Main Article Content

Erendira Fierro Moreno
Minerva Martínez Avila
Rigoberto García Contreras


Gender, Sex, Differences in sex, Resources., Knowledge, Organizational Performance, Resources


The objective of this scientific article is to determine if gender affects the relationship between organizational performance and knowledge sharing in public sector organizations. Based on the literature review and drawing from the theoretical perspective of a resource-based view, the research hypotheses were formulated. Through a cross-sectional study, of ten Mexican organizations from the public sector and through the perception of 239 public servants, these hypotheses were tested. A linear regression analysis was performed. The results confirm the importance of gender as a determinant variable in the management and administration of the organizations. This research also shows that the intervening management of valuable resources (knowledge) helps to generate strategies (organizational performance) that have no cost for public sector organizations.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 272 | PDF (Español) Downloads 153


Alborch, C. (2002). Malas. Rivalidad y complicidad entre mujeres. Madrid: Aguilar.

Balogun, A.G. (2014). Demographic Variables predicting Employees Willingness to share Tacit Knowledge in Service Occupations. Ife Psychologia, 22(2), 42-49.

Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99-120.

Barney, J., Wright, M., & Ketchen, D. (2001). The resource-based view of the firm: ten years after 1991. Journal of Management, 27, 625-641.

Belsley, D.A. (1982). Assessing the presence of harmful collinearity and other forms of weak data through a test for signal-to-noise. Journal of Econometrics, 20, 211-253.

Belsley, D.A., Kuh, E., & Welsch, R.E. (1980). Regression Diagnostics. Identifying Influential Data and Sources of Collinearity. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bharadwaj, A.S. (2000). A Resource-Based Perspective on Information Technology Capability and Firm Performance: An Empirical Investigation. MIS Quarterly, 24(1), 169-196.

Bontis, N., Crossan, M.M., & Hulland, J. (2002). Managing an organizational learning system by aligning stocks and flows. Journal of Management Studies, 39(4), 437-469.

Broadbridge, A., & Hearn, J. (2008). Gender and management: New directions in research and continuing patterns in Practice. British Journal of Management, 19(1), 538-549.

Calabrese, F., & Orlando, C. (2006). Knowledge organizations in the Twenty-First Century: Deriving a 12-step process to create and implement a comprehensive knowledge management system. The journal of information and knowledge management systems, 36(3), 238-254.

Camelo, C., García, J., & Sousa E. (2010). Facilitadores de los procesos de compartir conocimiento y su influencia sobre la innovación. Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa, 42, 113-150.

Carranza, M. E. (2002). Antropología y género. Breve revisión de algunas ideas antropológicas sobre las mujeres. En Lomas, C. (Director). Mujer y educación. Barcelona: Gráo.

Castañeda, M.B., Cabrera, A.F. Navarro, Y., & De Vries, W. (2010). Procesamiento de datos y análisis estadísticos utilizando SPSS. Porto Alegre: Edipucrs.

Chen, C., & Huang, J. (2007). How organizational and structure affect knowledge management. The social interaction perspective. International Journal of Information Management, 27(2), 104-118.

Cho, N., Li, G., & Su, C.H. (2007). An empirical study on the effect of individual factors on knowledge sharing by knowledge type. Journal of Global Business and Technology, 3(2), 1-15.

Choi, B., & Lee, B. (2003). An empirical investigation of KM styles and their effect on corporate performance. Information and Management, 40, 403-417.

Claes, M. (1999). Mujeres, hombres y estilos de dirección. Revista Internacional del Trabajo, 118(4), 483-500.

Conner, K., & Prahalad, C.K. (1996). A Resource-Based Theory of the Firm: Knowledge versus Opportunism. Organization Science, 7, 477-50.

Daft, R. (1995). Organizational theory and design. St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing.

Darroch, J. (2005). Knowledge management, innovation and firm performance. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(3), 101-115.

Davenport, T.H., & Prusak, L. (1998). Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What They Know. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Decarolis, D.M., & Deeds, D. (1999). The impact of stocks and flows of organizational knowledge on firm performance: An empirical investigation of the Biotechnology industry. Strategic Management Journal, 20, 953-968.

Delaney, J.T., & Huselid, M.A. (1996). The impact of human resource management practices on perceptions of organizational performance. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 949-969.

Diez-Pérez J.I., Sáiz-Bárcena L., Manzanedo del Campo M.A., & Rodríguez-Monroy, C. (2014) Estudio teórico-empírico de las barreras al intercambio del conocimiento en la empresa. Interciencia, 39, 156-163.

Eisenhardt, K.M., & Martin, J. (2000). Dynamic capabilities: What are they? Strategic Management Journal, 21, 1105-1121.

Esteban, M. L. (2006). El estudio de la salud y el género: las ventajas de un enfoque antropológico y feminista. Salud colectiva, 2(1), 9-20.

Fagenson, E. (1990). Perceived Masculine and Feminine Attributes Examined as a Function of Individuals' Sex and Level in the Organizational Power Hierarchy: A Test of Four Theoretical Perspectives. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75(2), 204-211.

Fard, H.D., & Selseleh, M. (2010). Measuring Knowledge Management Cycle: Evidence from Iran. European Journal of Scientific Research, 41(2), 297-309.

Fijalkowska, J. (2008). Review of guidelines for the intellectual capital statement – how to manage and communicate the company´s knowledge. Portuguese Journal of Management Studies, 12(3), 327-338.

Gallego, T. (1994). El techo de cristal. Los obstáculos para la participación de las mujeres en el poder político. Las mujeres y el poder político. España: Ministerio de Asuntos Sociales.

García, M. A. (2002). Herederas y Heridas. Sobre las élite profesionales femeninas. Madrid: Cátedra.

GEM. (2011). Gobierno del Estado de México. Plan de Desarrollo del Estado de México, 2011-2017.

GEM. (2012). Gobierno del Estado de México. Programa Sectorial Gobierno Solidario 2012-2017.

Gopalakrishnan, S. (2000). Unraveling the links between dimensions of innovation and organizational performance. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 11(1), 137-53.

Grant, R.M. (1991). The resource based theory of competitive advantage: implications for strategy formulation. California Management Review, 33(3), 114-135.

Grant, R.M. (1996). Toward a knowledge-based theory of the firms. Strategic Management Journal, 17(Winter Special Issue), 109-122.

Hansen, G., & Wernerfelt, B. (1989). Determinants of firm performance in relative importance of economic and organizational factors. Strategic Management Journal, 10(5), 399-411.

Ho, L.A., Kuo, K.T., & Lin, B. (2012). How social identification and trust influence organizational online knowledge sharing. Internet Research, 22(1), 4-28.

Huang, Q., Davison, R., & Gu, J. (2008). Impact of personal and cultural factors on knowledge sharing in China. Asia Pacific Journal Management, 25(3), 451-47.

Inkpen, A.C. (2000). Learning through joint ventures: A framework of knowledge acquisition. Journal of Management Studies, 37(7), 1019-1043.

Jackson, R. M. (2006). Opposing forces: How, why, and when will gender equity disappear. In: F. D. Blau, M.B. Brinton & D. B. Grusky (Eds.), The declining significance of gender? (pp. 215-243). New York: Russell Sage.

Kalling, T. (2003). Knowledge management and the occasional links with performance. Journal of Knowledge Management, 7(3), 67-81.

Kamasak, R., & Bulutlar, F. (2009). The influence of knowledge sharing on innovation. European Business Review, 22(3), 306-317.

Khanna, T., & Palepu, K. (2010). Winning in Emerging Markets: A Road Map for Strategy and Execution. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press.

Kidder, D. L. (2002). The Influence of Gender on the Performance of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors. Journal of Management, 28(5), 629–648.

Kim, S., & Lee, H. (2006). The impact of organizational context and information technology on employee knowledge-sharing capabilities. Public Administration Review, 66(3), 370-385.

Kogut, B., & Zander, U. (1992). Knowledge of the firm, combinative capabilities, and the replication of technology. Organization Science, 3(3), 383-397.

Kumar, R., & Kaushik, S. (2008). Changing dimensions and growth of knowledge based economy in India. Journal of Academy of Business and Economics, 8(3), 163-168.

Levine, D., Krehbiel, T., & Berenson, M. (2006). Estadística para administración. México: Pearson Educación.

Lin, H. (2007). Knowledge sharing and firm innovation capability: an empirical study. International Journal of Manpower, 28(3/4), 315-332.

Lyles, M.A., & Salk, J.E. (1996). Knowledge acquisition from foreign parents in international joint ventures: an empirical examination in the Hungarian context. Journal of International Business Studies, 27(5), 877-903.

Martín, Q., Cabrero, A., & De Paz, Y.R. (2008). Tratamiento estadístico de datos con SPSS. Madrid: Thomson.

McEvily, S., & Chakravarthy, B.S., (2002). The Persistence of Knowledge-Based Advantage: An Empirical Test for Product Performance and Technological Knowledge. Strategic Management Journal, 23 (4), 285-305.

Meier, K. J., O’Toole, L. J., & Goerdel, H. T. (2006). Management Activity and Program Performance: Gender as Management Capital. Public Administration Review, 66(1), 24-36.

Montuschi, L. (2000). La economía basada en el Conocimiento: importancia del conocimiento tácito y del conocimiento codificado. Buenos Aires: CEMA.

Moon, H. & Park, M. (2002). Effective rewards systems for knowledge sharing. Knowledge Management Review, 4(6), 22-33.

Nicholls-Nixon, C., Davila, J.A. Sanchez, J., & Rivera, M. (2011). Latin America management research: Review, synthesis and extension. Journal of Management, 37(4), 1178-1227.

Nonaka, I. & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The Knowledge-Creating Company. New York: Oxford University Press.

Nonaka, I. (1994). A dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation. Organization Science, 5(1), 14-37.

Olson, E.M., S.F. Slater, Tomas, G., & Hult, M. (2005). The performance implications of fit among business strategy, marketing organization structure, and strategic behavior. Journal of Marketing, 69 (3), 49-65.

Parga, J. (2013). Aportes antropológicos a los estudios de género. Revista Tram[p]as de la comunicación y la cultura, 74, 91-96.

Pavlic, B., Ruprecht, L., & Sam-Vargas, S. (2000). Gender Equality and Equity: A Summary Review of UNESCO’s Accomplishments Since the Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing 1995). Geneva, UNESCO.

Penrose, E. (1959). The Theory of the growth of the firm. Oxford: Blackwell.

Pérez, C. (2008). Minería de datos: técnicas y herramientas. España: Thomson Ediciones Paraninfo.

Peters, T., & Waterman, R. (1982). In search of excellence. New York: Harper & Row.

Pfeffer, J. (1994). Competitive advantage through people. Boston: Harvard Business Scholl Press.

Potra, R., Bacali, L., & Baban, C. (2016). The importance of knowledge management in universities –Companies partnership. Revista de Management si Ingenierie Economica, 15(4), 719-725.

Rodríguez, H.A., & Hernández, M. (2008). Construcción de un índice de inversión en mecanismos para la transferencia de conocimiento interorganizacional. Cuadernos de Administración, 21(35), 279-305.

Ryan, S., & O’Connor, R. (2013). Acquiring and sharing tacit knowledge in software development teams: An empirical study. Information and Software Technology, 55(9), 1614-1624.

Stiglitz, J. (1998). Towards a New Paradigm for Development: Strategies, Policies, and Process. World Bank, Prebisch Lecture.

Tanriverdi, H. (2005). Information technology relatedness, knowledge management capability, and performance of multibusiness firms. MIS Quarterly, 29(2), 311-334.

Taylor, W. A. (2017). Computer-mediated knowledge sharing and individual user differences: an exploratory study. European Journal of Information Systems, 13(1), 52-64.

Teece, D.J., Pisano, G., & Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 18(7), 509-533.

Tippins, M.J., & Sohi, R.S. (2003). IT Competency and Firm Performance: IS Organizational Learning a Missing Link? Strategic Management Journal, 24, 745-761.

Titi, A. (2013). Determinants of knowledge sharing in a public sector organization. Journal of Knowledge Management,17(3), 454-471.

Uvalle, R. (2004). El valor institucional de la gestión pública. Revista Venezolana de Gerencia, 9(28), 1-29.

Vassolo, R.S. De Castro, J., & Gomez-Mejia, L.R. (2011). Managing in Latin America: Common issues and a research agenda. Academy of Management Perspectives, 25(4), 22-36.

Wensley, A., Cegarra-Navarro, J., Cepeda-Carrión, G., & Leal, M.A. (2011). How entrepreneurial actions transform customer capital through time. Exploring and exploiting knowledge in an open-mindedness context. International Journal of Manpower, 32(1), 132-150.

Wernerfelt, B. (1984). A resource-based view of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 5, 171-180.