Biology and Economics: Metaphors that Economists usually take from Biology

  • Danny García Callejas Universidad de Antioquia


Adam Smith, Alfred Marshall, Stanley Jevons, Karl Marx, Francois Quesnay and Joseph Schumpeter all have at least one thing in common: they used biological metaphors when speaking about economics. Nonetheless, today, this relation subsists and biology and economics are viewed as complementary sciences that have a lot to gain from joint research in fields like: evolutionary economics, economic growth, cognitive economics and environmental and ecological economics, among others. This paper, divided in four sections, will show this conclusion and explain that biology and economics are more sisters than strangers

Author Biography

Danny García Callejas, Universidad de Antioquia

Professor, Departmento de Economia, Facultad de Ciencias Economicas, Universidad de Antioquia. Member of the Environmental Economics Research Group (Grupo de Economia del Medio Ambiente, GEMA), Centro de Investigaciones Economicas, Universidad de Antioquia. Economist, Universidad de Antioquia. Master of Arts in Economics, McGill University. Ph.D. in Economics Student, McGill University.


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How to Cite
GARCÍA CALLEJAS, Danny. Biology and Economics: Metaphors that Economists usually take from Biology. Ecos de Economía: A Latin American Journal of Applied Economics, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 24, p. 153-164, apr. 2007. ISSN 2462-8107. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 16 aug. 2017.


Biology; economics; evolution; metaphors

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