Foreign direct investment, exports, Gross Domestic Product and the labor market in Puerto Rico

Main Article Content

Miriam Basem-Hassan Lomabrdi
Ahmad H. Juma'h
Felix Cué García
Ángel L. Ruiz Mercado
Antonio A. Lloréns Rivera

Keywords

Foreign Direct Investment, Exports, Gross Domestic Product, Unemployment Rate, Labor Force Participation Rate

Abstract

In this paper, a vector autorregresive model (VAR) is applied to examine the interrelationship among foreign direct investment, exports, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), unemployment rate and labor force participation rate in Puerto Rico, taking into account a time period that includes the fiscal years from 1980 to 2010.  Four cointegrating vectors were found in the system which indicates that there is a long run relationship between the variables. The findings suggest that consecutive increases in foreign direct investment inflows could significantly reduce the unemployment rate and increase interest in joining the labor force in Puerto Rico.  The same result also applies to increases in export levels.  The variations in Gross Domestic Product are mainly explained in the long run by the unemployment rate.

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