El giro político-cultural en los estudios del poder urbano

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Santiago Leyva Botero

Keywords

Poder urbano, Política urbana, Giro cultural, Instituciones, Discurso

Resumen

Este artículo contribuye a que la literatura del análisis político urbano recupere sus fundamentos políticos y deje atrás su economicismo. Con este fin, establece un diálogo entre esta sub-disciplina de la Ciencia Política que estudia el “poder urbano”, y la Economía Política Cultural (EPC), una nueva corriente teórica que busca re-explorar las posibilidades de la economía política al tomar seriamente el giro cultural y lingüístico que se ha dado en las ciencias sociales en las últimas dos décadas. El aporte teórico entonces estará centrado examinar cómo cambia el estudio del poder urbano al incluir los nuevos elementos teóricos de la EPC, especialmente aquellos basados en su re-interpretación de los trabajos de Antonio Gramsci, Michel Foucault y Chantal Mouffe, de los cuales adopta conceptos claves como la hegemonía, el antagonismo, los discursos, las tecnologías de poder y el proceso de co-evolución entre discursos e instituciones, el cual constituye el principal aporte de la EPC.

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