¿Adaptarse o morir? El discurso de la resiliencia y los contornos cambiantes de la moralidad humanitaria

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Malay Firoz https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1323-1946


Ética, etnografía, desarrollo, humanitarismo, neoliberalismo, resiliencia


El terreno epistémico de la moral humanitaria ha sufrido una profunda transformación paradigmática en los últimos años. El giro hacia la “resiliencia” como principio estructurador en los programas de ayuda ha producido
nuevos modos de gobernanza que desafían lo que denomino el excepcionalismo moral del mandato del humanitarismo. Este artículo rastrea la trayectoria del moralismo en los estudios humanitarios, explorando cómo la tensión productiva entre las lecturas en contrapunto del humanitarismo como intención moral o cuidado biopolítico es superada por la visión ontológica del paradigma de la resiliencia de un mundo intrínsecamente frágil y vulnerable. Contrariamente a las críticas teóricas de la resiliencia como una extensión de los principios neoliberales a la gobernanza global, me baso en el  contexto de la crisis de los refugiados sirios en Jordania para argumentar que el humanitarismo de la resiliencia, de hecho, ha provocado un retorno al bienestar estatal como el garante final de los derechos de los refugiados.


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