El rey Felipe II de España como símbolo de la "tiranía" en los escritos políticos de Spinoza

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Jonathan Israel

Palabras clave

Philip II, tyranny, religious persecution of dissenters, revolution, historical context of Spinoza’s thought.

Resumen

The highly abstract style of Spinoza’s philosophy has encouraged some interpretations of him as a thinker with little immediate connection with the whirl of social and cultural affairs around him. This article shows that all three major Western revolts - those of the Netherlands, Portugal and Aragon - against Philip II (his principal symbol and embodiment of tyranny, arbitrary and illicit governance, intolerance and repression of basic liberties) became in some sense internationally entwined and were intensely present in his life, which helps to understand that Spinoza was indeed a revolutionary.

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