La familia importa: ¿se distinguen las empresas familiares en entornos con recursos limitados?

Main Article Content

Guido Rojer

Keywords

Empresa Familiar, Emprendimiento Internacional (EI), Empresas basadas en islas (EBI)

Resumen

Las Empresas Familiares (EF) han recibido una atención significativa como organizaciones que se distinguen por la superposición entre propiedad, operación y aspectos familiares que determinan la estrategia. Aunque está establecido que las EF son más conservadoras en cuanto al riesgo y concentran la propiedad en círculos de confianza, siguen siendo interesantes para actividades más arriesgadas como el Emprendimiento Internacional (EI). Dado que los entornos insulares suelen pasarse por alto, ofrecen entornos distintivos que pueden proporcionar más información a la comunidad académica sobre cómo se comportan las EF en relación con las oportunidades más allá de los mercados nacionales. Los mercados insulares, debido a su pequeño tamaño, están en el extremo receptor de los desarrollos globales y tienen prioridades alternativas. Este estudio examina 250 empresas ubicadas en diez islas: Bahamas, Baréin, Barbados, Chipre, Islandia, Fiyi, Jamaica, Malta, Mauricio y Trinidad y Tobago, en el período de 2009 a 2020, y aborda cómo se desempeñan las EF insulares en comparación con las Empresas No Familiares (ENF). El estudio encuentra evidencia que respalda que las EF equilibran indicadores financieros y no financieros.

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