El espíritu empresarial de los jóvenes en el Caribe

Main Article Content

Donna E. Danns
George K. Danns

Keywords

Emprendimiento juvenil, Políticas públicas, Desarrollo económico, Guyana

Resumen

El emprendimiento juvenil está siendo promovido por los responsables políticos en países en desarrollo como una estrategia clave para combatir el alto desempleo juvenil, reducir la pobreza individual, fomentar la movilidad social y facilitar la inclusión de los jóvenes en la economía formal. Actores internacionales, regionales, nacionales y otros interesados han promulgado políticas y programas para respaldar esta estrategia. Este artículo utiliza datos derivados de una encuesta a jóvenes emprendedores realizada en la ciudad de Linden, Guyana, junto con entrevistas a agencias de la misma comunidad y a agencias nacionales relacionadas con el emprendimiento juvenil para cumplir sus objetivos. La encuesta y las entrevistas a agencias forman parte de un estudio de método mixto más amplio realizado por los autores con el objetivo de comprender los factores que afectan al emprendimiento juvenil en Guyana, un país en desarrollo de la región de América Latina y el Caribe (LAC, por sus siglas en inglés). La importancia de la encuesta para este estudio radica en discernir lo que los propios jóvenes emprendedores dicen acerca de sus negocios y de sí mismos como emprendedores. Este artículo contribuye a la escasa literatura sobre este fenómeno. El objetivo de los autores de este estudio es multifacético. Este artículo busca proporcionar una comprensión de quiénes son estos jóvenes emprendedores, los factores que los motivan a iniciar sus propios negocios y su preparación para tales empresas. Exploramos y explicamos el apoyo brindado a los jóvenes emprendedores, su acceso a y percepciones de dicho apoyo. En tercer lugar, proporcionamos una comprensión de cómo los jóvenes emprendedores ven los éxitos y aspectos positivos de sus negocios y sus sentimientos íntimos y temores acerca de sus emprendimientos. Este artículo desafía el marco predominante de "emprendimiento por necesidad" en el emprendimiento juvenil.

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