Intenciones empresariales en el Caribe: Antecedentes y variaciones

Main Article Content

Talia Esnard
Ayanna Stephens

Keywords

Intenciones empresariales, GEM, Caribe, Contextos

Resumen

Cada vez más, investigadores y responsables políticos de todo el mundo exploran el papel transformador del espíritu empresarial en el proceso de desarrollo. Lo que sigue siendo relativamente poco cuestionado en este proceso es la cuestión de las intenciones empresariales en la región del Caribe. Cuando las intenciones empresariales desempeñan un papel fundamental en la futura actividad empresarial, este ámbito de investigación puede aportar ideas útiles para la política y la práctica del desarrollo. Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior, tres objetivos principales guían este documento. En primer lugar, examinamos comparativamente las intenciones empresariales de la población adulta de Barbados, Jamaica y Trinidad y Tobago. En segundo lugar, evaluamos la importancia relativa de las aptitudes empresariales, los conocimientos y las oportunidades para las intenciones empresariales. En tercer lugar, también exploramos las posibles variaciones sociodemográficas (específicamente en función del sexo, la edad, el nivel de estudios y el tipo de profesión o carrera actual) en los niveles de intención empresarial. Para ello, utilizamos los datos brutos disponibles de la encuesta Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) para los países del Caribe. Utilizamos este conjunto de datos para comprobar la importancia relativa de las variables antecedentes clave para comprender las intenciones emprendedoras. Señala la variabilidad en la relación entre factores actitudinales, antecedentes sociodemográficos e intenciones emprendedoras entre los países del estudio. Se discuten las implicaciones para una teorización más contextualizada de las intenciones emprendedoras.

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