The Mediating Role of Perceived Supervisor Support Between Presenteeism and Employee Performance: A Study of Sugar Manufacturing in Erzincan, Turkey

Main Article Content

Murat bas
Mohammad Quasim Ayaz


Presenteeism, Supervisory Support, Employees Performance, Social Relation Theory.


There is a broad understanding that a relationship exists between leaders’ behavior and employees’ reaction, particularly in the sense of presenteeism, which ensures the good health of employees. However, we agree that much less is understood about potential mediating processes that underline the links between supervisory support, presenteeism and employees’ support. İn this study, the indicators of employee performance are linked with presenteeism, while supervisor support plays a mediating factor. We linked social learning theory, where individuals value observable behaviors. The findings of the study revealed a positive relationship between presenteeism and employee performance in Erzincan state of Turkey. The study found positive mediation of supervisory support between presenteeism and employee performance. The relationship of the research model was tested with the help of implementation of adopted questionnaires from 280 individuals who responded as potential participants. The analysis explored positive remarks of the hypothesis (accepted). The findings of the study, contributes to both the academic and non-academic arenas, leading to potential understanding as to the importance of both presenteeism and supervisory support.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 487 | pdf Downloads 0


Ahn, J. N., Hu, D., & Vega, M. (2020). “Do as I do, not as I say”: Using social learning theory to unpack the impact of role models on students' outcomes in education. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 14(2), e12517.

Arends, R. M., van den Heuvel, T. J., Foeken-Verwoert, E. G., Grintjes, K. J., Keizer, H. J., Schene, A. H., ... & Schellekens, A. F. (2020). Sex, Drugs, and Impulse Regulation: A Perspective on Reducing Transmission Risk Behavior and Improving Mental Health Among MSM Living With HIV. Frontiers in psychology, 11.

Aronsson, G., Hagberg, J., Björklund, C., Aboagye, E., Marklund, S., Leineweber, C., & Bergström, G. (2021). Health and motivation as mediators of the effects of job demands, job control, job support, and role conflicts at work and home on sickness presenteeism and absenteeism. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 94(3), 409-418.

Asbari, I. B., RudyPramono, A. P., DylmoonHidayat, A., VirzaUtamaAlamsyah, P. S., & MiyvFayzhall, M. (2020). The Effect of work-Family conflict on Job Satisfaction and Performance: A Study of Indonesian Female Employees. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(3), 6724-6748.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of personality and social psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182.

Björklund, C., Vaez, M., & Jensen, I. (2020). Early work-environmental indicators of bullying in an academic setting: a longitudinal study of staff in a medical university. Studies in Higher Education, 1-12.

Chen, C., Lee, I., Tatsui, C., Elder, T., & Sloan, A. E. (2021). Laser interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) for the treatment of tumors of the brain and spine: a brief review. Journal of neuro-oncology, 151(3), 429-442.

Çöl, G. (2008). Algılanan güçlendirmenin işgören performansı üzerine etkileri.Doğuş Üniversitesi Dergisi, 9 (1) 2008, 35-46

Correia Leal, A. C. D. A., Ferreira, A. I., & Carvalho, H. (2020). “Smile and Please Hide Your Sickness”: The Role of Emotions and Sickness Surface Acting in a Present. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2020, No. 1, p. 14917). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.

Côté, K., Lauzier, M., & Stinglhamber, F. (2021). The relationship between presenteeism and job satisfaction: A mediated moderation model using work engagement and perceived organizational support. European Management Journal, 39(2), 270-278.

Cummins, N., Pan, Y., Ren, Z., Fritsch, J., Nallanthighal, V. S., Christensen, H., ... & Härmä, A. (2020, October). A comparison of acoustic and linguistics methodologies for Alzheimer’s dementia recognition. In Interspeech 2020 (pp. 2182-2186). ISCA International Speech Communication Association.

Daniels, S., Wei, H., Han, Y., Catt, H., Denning, D. W., Hall, I., ... & van Tongeren, M. (2021). Risk factors associated with respiratory infectious disease-related presenteeism: a rapid review. medRxiv.

Dietz, C., Zacher, H., Scheel, T., Otto, K., & Rigotti, T. (2020). Leaders as role models: Effects of leader presenteeism on employee presenteeism and sick leave. Work & Stress, 34(3), 300-322.

Eibl, B., Lang, F. R., & Niessen, C. (2020). Employee voice at work: the role of employees’ gender, self-efficacy beliefs, and leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 29(4), 570-585.

Freeling, M., & Rainbow, J. G. (2020). Painting a picture of nurse presenteeism: A multi country integrative review: Nurse presenteeism: An integrative review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 103659.

Gürbüz, S. (2019). Sosyal Bilimlerde Aracı, Düzenleyici ve Durumsal Etki Analizleri. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.

Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach. The Guilford Press, New York.

Hayes, A. F. (2018). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis second edition: A regression-based approach.: New York: The Guilford Press.

Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. (2008, June). Evaluating model fit: a synthesis of the structural equation modelling literature. In 7th European Conference on research methodology for business and management studies pp. 195-200.

Inceoglu, I., Arnold, K. A., Leroy, H., Lang, J. W., & Stephan, U. Call For Papers: Leadership and Health/Well-being Important Dates.

Johnson, B. K. (2020). Observational experiential learning: theoretical support for observer roles in health care simulation. Journal of Nursing Education, 59(1), 7-14.

Karanika-Murray, M., Biron, C., Hervieux, V., Whysall, Z., & Chen, H. (2021). Managing Presenteeism to Optimize Health and Performance. The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Wellbeing, 232.

Karasek, R. A. (1985). Job Content Questionnaire and User's Guide. University of Massachusettsat Lowell, New York.

Kim, D., & Vandenberghe, C. (2020). Ethical Leadership and Team Ethical Outcomes: The Roles of Team Moral Efficacy and Ethical Climate. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2020, No. 1, p. 17273). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.

Koopman, C., Pelletier, K. R., Murray, J. F., Sharda, C. E., Berger, M. L., Turpin, R. S., ... & Bendel, T. (2002). Stanford presenteeism scale: health status and employee productivity. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 44(1), 14-20.

Li, J., Shemla, M., & Wegge, J. (2021). The preventative benefit of group diversification on group performance decline: An investigation with latent growth models. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 42(3), 332-348.

Lohaus, R. H., Zager, J. J., Kosma, D. K., & Cushman, J. C. (2020). Characterization of Seed, Oil, and Fatty Acid Methyl Esters of an Ethyl Methanesulfonate Mutant of Camelina sativa with Reduced Seed‐Coat Mucilage. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 97(2), 157-174.

Lohaus, D., Habermann, W., Kertoubi, I. E., & Röser, F. (2020). Working while ill is not always bad–positive effects of Presenteeism. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 4059.

Marklund, S., Gustafsson, K., Bergström, G., & Leineweber, C. (2021). Reasons for presenteeism in different occupational branches in Sweden: a population based cross sectional study. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1 11.

Nair, A. V., McGregor, A., & Caputi, P. (2020). The Impact of Challenge and Hindrance Demands on Burnout, Work Engagement, and Presenteeism. A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Job Demands–Resources Model. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 62(8), e392-e397.

Ruhle, S. A., Breitsohl, H., Aboagye, E., Baba, V., Biron, C., Correia Leal, C., ... & Yang, T. (2020). “To work, or not to work, that is the question”–Recent trends and avenues for research on presenteeism. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 29(3), 344-363.

Rumangkit, S. (2020). Mediator Analysis of Perceived Organizational Support: Role of Spiritual Leadership on Affective Commitment. JDM (Jurnal Dinamika Manajemen), 11(1), 47-54.

Santoso, P. B., MasdukiAsbari, A. P., LaksmiMayestiWijayanti, C., Hyun, C., SitiMaesaroh, M., GusliChidir, M., & DhanielHutagalung, A. Y. (2020). Working While Studying a University in the Self-Management Perspective: An Ethnographic Study on Java Ethnic Employees. International Journal of Control and Automation, 13(02), 299-308.

Sigler, T.H. ve Pearson, C.M. (2000). Creating an Empowering Culture: Examining the Relationship between Organizational Culture and Perceptions of Empowerment, Journal of Quality Management, 5, 27-52.

Spasova, S., Bouget, D., Belletti, C., & Vanhercke, B. (2020). Sickness Benefits in the EU: Making Sense of Diversity. ETUI Research Paper-Policy Brief, 4.

Ural, A. ve Kılıç, İ. (2005). Bilimsel Araştırma Süreci ve Spss ile Veri Analizi, Detay Yayıncılık, Ankara.

Virtanen, M., Jokela, M., Lallukka, T., Hanson, L. M., Pentti, J., Nyberg, S. T., ... & Kivimäki, M. (2020). Long working hours and change in body weight: analysis of individual participant data from 19 cohort studies. International Journal of Obesity, 44(6), 1368 1375.

Wadei, K. A., Chen, L., Frempong, J., & Appienti, W. A. (2021). The mediation effect of ethical leadership and creative performance: A social information processing perspective. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 55(1), 241-254.

Walker, S., & Watkins, D. (2020). Shadows of Leadership: The Lived Experiences of Oppressed Followers of Toxic Leaders. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, 17(2), 109-119.

Watto, W. A., Monium, A., Qurban, A. L. I., & Ali, I. J. A. Z. (2020). The Impact Of Ethical Context On Employees In-Role Performance And Citizenship Behavior In Telecom Sector Of Pakistan: The Mediating Role Of Perceived Organizational Support. International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, 1(1), 25-35.

Wu, C. H., Kwan, H. K., Liu, J., & Lee, C. (2021). When and how favour rendering ameliorates workplace ostracism over time: Moderating effect of self‐monitoring and mediating effect of popularity enhancement. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 94(1), 107-131.

Xu, J., Ye, M., Lu, W., Bao, Z., & Webster, C. (2021). A four-quadrant conceptual framework for analyzing extended producer responsibility in offshore prefabrication construction. Journal of Cleaner Production, 282, 124540.

Zhang, W., Guh, D. P., Sun, H., Lynd, L. D., Hollis, A., Grootendorst, P., & Anis, A. H. (2020). Factors associated with drug shortages in Canada: a retrospective cohort study. CMAJ open, 8(3), E535.

Zhu, L., Zhao, Y., Bai, S., Zhou, H., Chen, X., & Wei, Z. (2020). New insights into the variation of dissolved organic matter components in different latitudinal lakes of northeast China. Limnology and Oceanography, 65(3), 471-481.