Political economy of media: An income-expense analysis of state aids to Iranian newspapers

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Datis Khajeheian https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9913-3732
Abbas Jafari https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6673-7820
Habib Abdolhossein https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0213-3558
Esmaeil Ghaderifar https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4409-2085


Media economics, State aid, Media policy, Iranian newspaper, Print media, Political economy, Communication policy, Business model


Iranian newspapers have traditionally relied on state aids and public budget to survive. The dependency has still lingered amid a change of policy that has affected the newspapers’ financial status. This article invokes the available data on governmental support to examine the political economy of newspapers in Iran during the two decades of 1990s and 2000s. The data were collected from official releases by the Iranian Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance as well as several nonconfidential internal bulletins of the newspaper organizations. Having applied an income-expense analysis, the paper explains the government’s role in newspaper economics and discusses the policy of repurposing the existing subsidies.


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