Impacto de factores interorganizacionales y extraorganizacionales en las políticas de Parques Científicos y Tecnológicos en economías emergentes

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Iman Esmaeelzadeh
Mahboobeh Karimi Tararani
Amin Tayebi
Farinaz Kordbacheh Roudhend


Política de parques C&T, Factores intraorganizacionales, Factores extraorganizacionales


Este artículo tiene como objetivo estudiar la formulación de políticas resultante del impacto de factores intra y extraorganizacionales de los parques científicos y tecnológicos (parques C&T). Este artículo se clasifica como aplicado, en términos de objetivo, y cuantitativo, en términos de recopilación de datos. La población está compuesta por altos directivos de empresas establecidas en los cinco parques C&T seleccionados, alcanzando un total de 493. Aplicando el método de muestreo aleatorio estratificado y la fórmula de Cochran, el tamaño de la muestra se determinó en 216. La validez del contenido del cuestionario fue avalada por profesores, expertos y especialistas. Se extrajo el alfa de Cronbach del cuestionario para ser superior a los niveles avalados en todas las dimensiones, lo que demuestra la fiabilidad de la investigación. Los resultados muestran que los factores intraorganizacionales (organizacionales, en red, legales y fiscales) con la intervención de factores extraorganizacionales (institucionales, culturales y contextuales, de capital y ubicación) conducen al desarrollo de seis categorías de formulación de políticas de parques C&T (formulación de políticas: para la cultura y la motivación; para la creación de incentivos; para el desarrollo de capacidades y aptitudes; para la infraestructura; para atraer inversiones y para la creación de oportunidades de negocio).


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